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Cuban Art Elías DurnfordElías Durnford
Period: Colonial
1739 - 1794

View of the Franciscan Church and Convent in the city of Havana, taken from the Mayor's House in Grand Square, ca. 1763,
14 x 19 1/2 inches

Born in Ringwood, England in 1739, Durnford joined the Royal Engineers in 1759 and was promoted to Lieutenant in 1762. During the Seven Years’ War, he was part of the expedition to Havana intended to cripple the Spanish West Indian colonies. The force landed at Havana and attacked its main fort, El Castillo de los Tres Reyes del Morro. Afterwards, in London, he produced a series of six engravings with views of the city of Havana, which - together with the series of 12 engravings of the siege operations by Canot and Mason - form the some of the earliest in situ representations of the island of Cuba.

In 1764, Durnford earned a commission to design new plans for British West Florida and was made Lieutenant-Governor of the area. He laid out the city of Pensacola in the Seville Square district and created a new town design based upon a classic pattern. There were separate squares built for government, public affairs, and military drills. Streets were set at right angles and named for the royal family and principal personages in government. He developed a thoroughfare along a long row of family gardens which was logically called Garden Street. The name still applies. Elias Durnford died at Tobago on June 21, 1794.



Cuban Art Elías Durnford C0388
A Prospect of the Moro Castle and City of Havana
Elías Durnford
10 x 16 inches
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Cuban Art Elías Durnford 07029
A View of the City of Havana
(Una Vista de la Ciudad de La Habana)

Elías Durnford
ca 1762
lithograph on paper, hand illuminated
19 1/2 x 25 1/4 inches
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Cuban Art Elías Durnford C0386
View of the Franciscan Church and Convent
Elías Durnford
ca 1763
14 x 19 1/2 inches
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